A clinical exploratory study with Itolizumab, an anti-CD6 monoclonal antibody, in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

immunologyPedro C. Rodriguez, Roberto Torres-Moya, Gil Reyes, Claudino Molinero, Dinorah Prada, Ana M. Lopez, Isabel M. Hernandez, Maria V. Hernandez, Jose P. Martinez, Xochel Hernandez, Angel Casaco, Mayra Ramos, Yisel Avila, Yinet Barrese, Enrique Montero, Patricia Hernandez.

T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). CD6 is a co-stimulatory molecule, predominantly expressed on lymphocytes, that has been linked to autoreactive responses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity and preliminary efficacy of itolizumab, a humanized anti-CD6 monoclonal antibody, in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. Fifteen patients were enrolled in a phase I, open-label, dose-finding study. Five cohorts of patients received a weekly antibody monotherapy with a dose-range from 0.1 to 0.8mg/kg. Itolizumab showed a good safety profile, with no severe or serious adverse events reported so far. No signs or symptoms associated with immunosuppression were observed in the study.Objective clinical responseswere achieved inmore than 80% of patients after treatment completion, and these responses tend to be sustained afterwards. This clinical study constitutes the first evidence of the safety and positive clinical effect of a monotherapy using an anti-CD6 antibody in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.