Eficacia y seguridad de ertugliflozina
Pratley R, Dagogo-Jack S, Charbonnel B, et al. Efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin in older patients with type 2 diabetes: A pooled analysis of phase III studies. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2020 Jul 23. doi: 10.1111/dom.14150. (Original study)
AIM: To assess the efficacy and safety of ertugliflozin in older patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of patients with T2D aged less than 65 years and those aged 65 years or older who participated in randomized, double-blind, phase III studies of ertugliflozin. Efficacy was evaluated in a pooled analysis of three placebo-controlled studies (ertugliflozin monotherapy and add-on therapy). Safety was evaluated in a pooled analysis of seven placebo- and active-controlled studies (including those used for efficacy). Least-squares mean change from baseline was calculated for HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body weight (BW) and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Safety evaluation included overall and prespecified adverse events (AEs).
RESULTS: In participants aged less than 65 years, the placebo-adjusted mean changes from baseline in HbA1c, BW and SBP with ertugliflozin 5 and 15 mg at week 26 were -0.9% and -1.0%, -1.9 and -1.8 kg, and -3.7 and -3.6 mmHg, respectively; in participants aged 65 years or older they were -0.6% and -0.8%, -1.9 and -2.2 kg, and -2.7 and -3.4 mmHg, respectively. The incidences of AEs, serious AEs, discontinuations and deaths in participants aged less than 65 years and those aged 65 years or older were generally similar across the treatment groups. In patients aged 65 years or older the incidences of volume depletion AEs and genital mycotic infection were higher with ertugliflozin than with non-ertugliflozin.
CONCLUSIONS: Ertugliflozin improved glycaemic control, BW and SBP in younger and older individuals with T2D and was generally well tolerated in both groups.