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  Afiche electrónico PO-03
 
Evidence-Based Librarianship: Utilizing the Knowledge Base for Informed Decisions


Jonathan Eldredge, MLS, PhD, AHIP

The University of New Mexico
Health Sciences Center Library
Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131-5686, US.

Jeldredge@salud.unm.edu

OBJECTIVE:
To demonstrate how the core characteristics of both Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) and Evidence-Based Health Care (EBHC) can be adapted to decision making within health sciences librarianship.


METHOD:
The poster presenter has utilized a narrative review of the EBM and EBHC literatures for the purpose of building a conceptual framework. This review suggests ways in which the central features of EBM and EBHC apply to health sciences librarianship.

RESULTS:
First, the decisionmaking processes of Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Based Health Care seem compatible with health sciences librarianship. Second, the Evidence-Based Medicine and Evidence-Based Health Care values of favoring rigorously produced scientific evidence in decisionmaking furthermore appear to be congruent with the core values of librarianship. Third, the hierarchical levels of evidence also can be adapted to librarianship with some modifications to accommodate certain types of applied research questions that arise in health sciences librarianship. Library researchers currently favor descriptive survey and case study methods over the more familiar EBM research designs such as systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, or other higher levels of evidence. The library literature nevertheless contains diverse examples of randomized controlled trials, controlled comparison studies, and cohort studies conducted by health sciences librarians.

CONCLUSIONS:
Health sciences librarians are confronted with making many practical decisions. Evidence-Based Librarianship offers a framework for making these decisions, which integrates the best available research evidence. Quality filtering techniques enable EBL practitioners to identify the best available evidence. By employing this framework and the higher levels of research evidence it promotes, health sciences librarians might be laying the foundation for more collaborative informatic and scientific endeavors.


Jonathan Eldredge, MLS, PhD, AHIP
The University of New Mexico
Health Sciences Center Library
Albuquerque, NM 87131-5686
505/272-0654 (direct)
505/272-5350 (fax)
505/540-1043 (pager)
Jeldredge@salud.unm.edu

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